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The Ice Hockey World Championships is an annual international ice hockey competition which is run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. It was first launched at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp which led to being one of the first sports to be in the Winter Olympics Games. The first event that was held outside of Olympic years was in 1930 with twelve nations participating in the competition.

History

The IIHF recognized the first World Championship to be held in 1920 at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp. It was played between the 13th-19th April with seven teams entering the first tournament. Canada, Czechoslovakia, United States, Switzerland, Sweden, France and Belgium. The Winnipeg Falcons (who was representing Canada) took home the gold medal scoring 30 goals in three matches. United States, and Czechoslovakia came in second and third. Following on in 1921, where the first Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix. Every tournament up to until 1964, the Olympics was an official World Championship tournament. Canada won the gold in 1928 and 1932 while Sweden and Austria would claim their first medal in 1928.

Canada continued their dominance and in 1934, the United States took the gold medal to break the Canada streak of seven gold medals. Germany would be the next winner to take home a gold medal after they won the 1938 edition in Prague as they defeated Canada in the final. The second World War would cancel the event until 1947. Following on from the second world war, the Czechoslovakia team took out the 1947 edition with the only game where they had to battle being against Sweden. The 1948 edition of the tournament was what would be the forgotten year with the Amateur Athletic Union and the Amateur Hockey Association sending American teams to the Olympics which was held in St. Moritz during that year. With the two teams ready to play at the Olympics, a tense showdown between the two and the IOC deemed that neither team would be able to compete in the competition. With this decision, the LIHG boycotted the Olympics which cancel the 1948 edition of the World Championships. After this incident the Americans were banned from playing in international ice hockey tournaments for five years but would later be dropped to three after an appeal.

The 1949 edition was the first edition to not have the Americans in the competition and it was Czechoslovakia who would take out the title after winning all five of their matches. The next year, the competition went back to a four team opening group round instead of the three team group that happened in the previous year. Canada would take out the title for the 12th time after they defeated Sweden in the final game of the competition to record the title while for Sweden they would finish in the runner up spot once again.

The early 50s would see a Canadian victory with the team winning the 1951 and 1952 edition by comfortable margins. In 1953, the competition would only see three teams competing with Canada and United States both withdrawing because of costs this left the door open for Sweden to take out the first title of the nation in ice hockey with the team winning all four of the games against Switzerland and West Germany. The next edition saw the start of the rivaly between Canada and the Soviet Union

Champions

Year Gold Silver Bronze Host city / cities Host country / countries
1920 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (1) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (1) Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (1) Antwerp Belgium
1924 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (2) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (1) Chamonix France
1928 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (3) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1) Flag of Austria.svg Austria (1) St. Moritz Switzerland
1930 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (4) Flag of Germany.svg Germany (1) 23x15px Poland (1) Chamonix France
1931 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (5) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (3) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1) Krynica-Zdrój Poland
1932 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (6) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (4) Flag of Germany.svg Germany (1) Lake Placid United States
1933 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (7) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (5) Flag of Austria.svg Austria (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1934 Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (1) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (1) Milan Italy
1935 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (8) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (1) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (2) Davos Switzerland
1936 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (9) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (2) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (1) Montreal Canada
1937 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (10) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (3) 23x15px Poland (2) London Great Britain
1938 Flag of the German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany (1) Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (2) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (2) Prague Czechoslovakia
1939 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (11) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (6) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (2) Basel & Zurich Switzerland
1947 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (1) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (2) Flag of Austria.svg Austria (3) Prague Czechoslovakia
1949 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (1) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (3) Stockholm Sweden
1950 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (12) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (3) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (3) London Great Britain
1951 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (13) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (2) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (4) Paris France
1952 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (14) Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (7) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (5) Oslo Norway
1953 Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1) Flag of Germany.svg Germany (2) Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland (3) Basel Switzerland
1954 Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada (15) 23x15px Soviet Union (1) Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (6) Stockholm Sweden

Medal table

Countries in italics no longer compete at the World Championships.

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957.svg Canada 15 02 00 17
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia 02 00 01 03
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States 01 07 01 09
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden 01 03 06 010
Flag of Germany.svg Germany 01 02 01 04
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain 00 03 02 05
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 00 02 04 06
23x15px Soviet Union 00 01 00 01
Flag of Austria.svg Austria 00 00 03 03
23x15px Poland 00 00 02 02

External Links

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