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Davis Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
31px 1946 International Lawn Tennis Challenge (An Earlier World Cup of Football)
Sport Tennis
Founded 1900
Countries ITF member nations
Most recent champion(s) 23px United States (15th title)
Most titles 23px United States (15 titles)
Founder Dwight F. Davis

The Davis Cup is a team tennis tournament that is only played by men. Its currently run by the International Tennis Federation but was originally run by the British Tennis Assocation.

HistoryEdit

The BeginningEdit

The first Davis Cup (International Lawn Tennis as it was then known) was played in 1900 between the United States and the British Isles. After the United States won the next one, the British Isles caused an upset in 1902 to move it to the British Isles for the first time. The United States couldn't put a team into the 1903 and 1904 season which was both won by the British Isles. Then in 1905 a "World Group" was formed to challenge the British Isles with Austria and Australia joining for the first time. The run of five wins would then come to end in 1908 when Australia took home the trophy and for the time it moved down south for the first time.

After the United States won the Davis Cup back in 1909, different champions started with the British Isles winning the trophy back in 1911 before changing hands once again in 1913 when Canada shock the British Isles in Worple Road when Robert Powell won the final match in five sets to James Parke. For Canada though it would only be one year as they got defeated by Australia before the war came in 1914 stopping all tennis for four years.

Between the WarsEdit

After the war, Australia retook the title in 1919 when defeated first time champions France in Sydney, Australia, but in 1920 the United States dominated not losing a tie which would be that way until 1925 where they lost the tie against Japan in shocking circumstances. During the time of USA dominance, the qualifying draw was split into the Americas and Europe in 1923 with the chance being because of travel distances between countries. The USA did hit back in 1926 with fight as they took back the Davis Cup. The next year, Hungary made a appearance in the Challenge Round for the first time but was easily beaten by the United States. Italy then upset the defending champions after making a dream run which involve beating France, Germany and Portugal before defeating Japan in the inter-zone playoff. This meant Italy would create history by holding the first ever final on clay as they lost to Great Britain who would defend it in 1930. In 1931, the Americas was split into two draws with three new countries in Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay joining the competition.

South American nations though couldn't make it through to the inter-zonal playoff with all them withdrawing until 1950 where Brazil would join the European zone. After France took their first titles in 1931-1932 and 1933, Australia took the title for the first time in 15 years defeating France 5-0 before the United States won the title back in 1935. Australia regained for one brief year in 1936, the United States took it back. In 1938, the team from Yugoslavia made it all the way through to the challenge final before getting destroyed 5-0 in the final.

After the warEdit

ChampionsEdit

* Title won by away country
Year Winner Score Runner-up Finals Venue (surface)[1] City
190023x15px United States (1)3–0Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (1)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
190123x15px United States (2)3–1Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (2)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
1902Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (1)3–2*23x15px United States (1)Crescent Athletic Club (G) Brooklyn, United States
1904[2]Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (2)3–023x15px Belgium (1)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1905Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (3)4–023x15px United States (2)Queen's Club (G)London, United Kingdom
1906Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (4)5–023x15px United States (3)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1907Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (5)3–123x15px United States (4)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
190823px Australia (1)3–1*Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (3)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
190923x15px United States (3)4–0* 23px Australia (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
191023x15px United States (4)5–0 23px Australia (2)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1911Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (6)3–2* 23x15px United States (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1912Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (7)3–1 23x15px United States (6)??? (G) Pleasure Gardens, Folkestone
191323px Canada (1)3–2*Template:Country data United Kingdom British Isles (4)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
191423px Australia (2)5–0*23px Canada (1)??? (G) ???, Vancouver
1919Template:Country data Australia Australia (3)4–123x15px France (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
192023x15px United States (5)5–0*Template:Country data Australia Australia (3)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
192123x15px United States (6)5–0Template:Country data Denmark Denmark (1)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
192223x15px United States (7)5–0Template:Country data Australia Australia (4)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
192323x15px United States (8)5–0Template:Country data Australia Australia (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
192423x15px United States (9)5–023px Spain (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
192523x15px Japan (1)3–2*23x15px United States (7)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
192623x15px United States (10)5–0*23x15px Japan (1)??? (G) Tokyo, Japan
192723x15px United States (11)4–123px Hungary (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
192823px Italy (1)3–2*23x15px United States (8)Town & Tennis Club (G)Chicago, United States
1929Template:Country data United Kingdom United Kingdom (8)4–1*23px Italy (1)??? (C)Rome, Italy
1930Template:Country data United Kingdom United Kingdom (9)4–023px Italy (2)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
193123x15px France (1)3–2*Template:Country data United Kingdom United Kingdom (5)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
193223x15px France (2)3–223x15px United States (9)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
193323x15px France (3)3–223x15px United States (10)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1934Template:Country data Australia Australia (4)5–023x15px France (2)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
193523x15px United States (12)3–2Template:Country data Australia Australia (6)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
1936Template:Country data Australia Australia (5)4–123x15px United States (11)??? (G)???, United States
193723x15px United States (13)4–1Template:Country data Australia Australia (7)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
193823x15px United States (14)5–023px Yugoslavia (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
193923x15px United States (15)3–2Template:Country data Australia Australia (8)Merion Cricket Club (G)Haverford, United States

NotesEdit

  1. (G) - Grass, (C) - Clay, (H) - Hard, (Cp) - Carpet, (Ix) - Indoor
  2. The 1903 Davis Cup was won by the British Isles on walk-over as United States did not exercise the right of challenge during the year.

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