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Davis Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
31px 1955 Davis Cup
Sport Tennis
Founded 1900; 118 years ago (1900)
Founder Dwight F. Davis
Countries ITF member nations
Most recent
champion(s)
Flag of Australia.svg Australia (10th title)
Most titles Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (19 titles)

The Davis Cup is a team tennis tournament that is only played by men. Its currently run by the International Tennis Federation but was originally run by the British Tennis Assocation.

History

The Beginning

The first Davis Cup (International Lawn Tennis as it was then known) was played in 1900 between the United States and the British Isles. After the United States won the next one, the British Isles caused an upset in 1902 to move it to the British Isles for the first time. The United States couldn't put a team into the 1903 and 1904 season which was both won by the British Isles. Then in 1905 a "World Group" was formed to challenge the British Isles with Austria and Australia joining for the first time. The run of five wins would then come to end in 1908 when Australia took home the trophy and for the time it moved down south for the first time.

After the United States won the Davis Cup back in 1909, different champions started with the British Isles winning the trophy back in 1911 before changing hands once again in 1913 when Canada shock the British Isles in Worple Road when Robert Powell won the final match in five sets to James Parke. For Canada though it would only be one year as they got defeated by Australia before the war came in 1914 stopping all tennis for four years.

Between the Wars

After the war, Australia retook the title in 1919 when defeated first time champions France in Sydney, Australia, but in 1920 the United States dominated not losing a tie which would be that way until 1925 where they lost the tie against Japan in shocking circumstances. During the time of USA dominance, the qualifying draw was split into the Americas and Europe in 1923 with the chance being because of travel distances between countries. The USA did hit back in 1926 with fight as they took back the Davis Cup. The next year, Hungary made a appearance in the Challenge Round for the first time but was easily beaten by the United States. Italy then upset the defending champions after making a dream run which involve beating France, Germany and Portugal before defeating Japan in the inter-zone playoff. This meant Italy would create history by holding the first ever final on clay as they lost to Great Britain who would defend it in 1930. In 1931, the Americas was split into two draws with three new countries in Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay joining the competition.

South American nations though couldn't make it through to the inter-zonal playoff with all them withdrawing until 1950 where Brazil would join the European zone. After France took their first titles in 1931-1932 and 1933, Australia took the title for the first time in 15 years defeating France 5-0 before the United States won the title back in 1935. Australia regained for one brief year in 1936, the United States took it back. In 1938, the team from Yugoslavia made it all the way through to the challenge final before getting destroyed 5-0 in the final.

After the war

The Second World War brought a stop to all sport. In 1946, the competition had a name change after Dwight F. Davis who was the founder died in 1945. But the Americans continued to dominate as they defeated Australia in the challenge round 5-0 to take home the fourth title in a row. 1947 saw South Africa make it all the way to the inter-zone playoff to be the first African team to make it that far but in the final, a five-nil lost to Australia give the rights to the opposition where once again the Americans would take it out by a score of three-two. The following year continued the United States and Australia dominance in making it to the Challenge Round with America once again winning the title for the 18th time with a 5-0 victory. The next year was much the same with Sweden attempting the challenge to take on Australia in the inter-zonal final but after defeating Sweden 5-0, Australia gave it a tough fight in the challenge round to only lose 3-2 to America.

The 1950s would see a change with the first Asian tie to be held in the Davis Cup when Pakistan headed off to the Philippines for their first round tie in the European Zone. In the Challenge Round, Australia would retake the trophy as they defeated the Americans 4-1 in the tie to reclaim the title. The following year would see a creation of a third zone with the Eastern Zone being created. This meant that the Inter-Zonal playoff system was extended with the American-Zone (won by the United States) having the bye while Sweden and India battled it out to see who would meet them. The end result would be that Sweden would win the tie by 4-1 before going to lose to the United States which in turn would lose to Australia in the challenge round.

As the Australians won the 1953 edition three to two against the Americans, talks were starting to circulate about the dropping and having the defending champions entering their region before meeting with their region having the bye in the first round. The main two nations in Australia and the United States shot down that idea and wanted to keep the former system going. With this discussion ongoing the 1954 edition would see Great Britain making the challenge round for the first time since 1931 where they would lose to Australia. Before the 1955 edition started, it was decided that the champion would enter the inter-zonal rounds as champion as it basically eliminated the challenge round and as a added bonus they got to hose the final at the home ground.

Champions

* Title won by away country
Year Winner Score Runner-up Finals Venue (surface)[1] City
1900Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (1)3–0Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (1)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
1901Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (2)3–1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (2)Longwood Cricket Club (G)Boston, United States
1902Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (1)3–2*Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (1)Crescent Athletic Club (G) Brooklyn, United States
1904[2]Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (2)3–0Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium (1)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1905Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (3)4–0Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (2)Queen's Club (G)London, United Kingdom
1906Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (4)5–0Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (3)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
1907Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (5)3–1Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg United States (4)Worple Road (G)London, United Kingdom
190823x15px Australia (1)3–1*Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (3)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
190923x15px United States (3)4–0* 23x15px Australia (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
191023x15px United States (4)5–0 23x15px Australia (2)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1911Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (6)3–2* 23x15px United States (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1912Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (7)3–1 23x15px United States (6)??? (G) Pleasure Gardens, Folkestone
191323x15px Canada (1)3–2*Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (4)Worple Road (G) London, United Kingdom
191423x15px Australia (2)5–0*23x15px Canada (1)??? (G) ???, Vancouver
1919Flag of Australia.svg Australia (3)4–1Flag of France.svg France (1)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
1920Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (5)5–0*Flag of Australia.svg Australia (3)Double Bay Grounds (G) Sydney, Australia
1921Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (6)5–0Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark (1)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1922Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (7)5–0Flag of Australia.svg Australia (4)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1923Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (8)5–0Flag of Australia.svg Australia (5)West Side Tennis Club (G) New York, United States
1924Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (9)5–0Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svg Spain (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1925Flag of Japan.svg Japan (1)3–2*Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (7)Germantown Cricket Club (G) Philadelphia, United States
1926Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (10)5–0*Flag of Japan.svg Japan (1)??? (G) Tokyo, Japan
1927Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (11)4–1Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
1928Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy (1)3–2*Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (8)Town & Tennis Club (G)Chicago, United States
1929Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (8)4–1*Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy (1)??? (C)Rome, Italy
1930Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (9)4–0Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy (2)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
1931Flag of France.svg France (1)3–2*Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (5)??? (G)London, United Kingdom
1932Flag of France.svg France (2)3–2Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (9)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1933Flag of France.svg France (3)3–2Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (10)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1934Flag of Australia.svg Australia (4)5–0Flag of France.svg France (2)Stade Roland Garros (C)Paris, France
1935Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (12)3–2Flag of Australia.svg Australia (6)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
1936Flag of Australia.svg Australia (5)4–1Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (11)??? (G)???, United States
1937Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (13)4–1Flag of Australia.svg Australia (7)??? (G)Melbourne, Australia
1938Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (14)5–0Flag of Yugoslavia (1943–1992).svg Yugoslavia (1)Germantown Cricket Club (G)Philadelphia, United States
1939Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (15)3–2Flag of Australia.svg Australia (8)Merion Cricket Club (G)Haverford, United States
1946Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (16)5–0Flag of Australia.svg Australia (9)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1947Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (17)3–2Flag of Australia.svg Australia (10)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1948Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (18)4–1Flag of Australia.svg Australia (11)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1949Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (19)3–2Flag of Australia.svg Australia (12)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1950Flag of Australia.svg Australia (6)4–1Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (12)West Side Tennis Club (G)Forest Hills, United States
1951Flag of Australia.svg Australia (7)4–1Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (13)White City Stadium (G)Sydney, Australia
1952Flag of Australia.svg Australia (8)5–0Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (14)Memorial Drive Tennis Centre (G)Adelaide, Australia
1953Flag of Australia.svg Australia (9)3–2Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg United States (15)Kooyong Stadium (G)Melbourne, Australia
1954Flag of Australia.svg Australia (10)4–1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain (6)White City Stadium (G)Sydney, Australia

Notes

  1. (G) - Grass, (C) - Clay, (H) - Hard, (Cp) - Carpet, (Ix) - Indoor
  2. The 1903 Davis Cup was won by the British Isles on walk-over as United States did not exercise the right of challenge during the year.